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What is the leading cause of death among people with diabetes?

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Malaysia mempunyai kadar diabetes tertinggi di Asia, pada 17.5% dengan lebih daripada 3.5 million pesakit diabetes. 2

Pesakit diabetes berisiko 4 kali ganda diserang penyakit kardiovaskular.3

Penyakit kardiovaskular adalah punca bagi 50.3% kematian dalam kalangan pesakit diabetes.4

Penyakit seperti diabetes, obesiti & hipertensi , merupakan faktor-faktor utama yang meningkatkan risiko penyakit kardiovaskular.5

Rujukan:

1 Zanariah Hussein, Sri Wahyu Taher, Harvinder Kaur Gilcharan Singh, Winnie Chee Siew Swee, Annals of Global Health Volume 81, Issue 6, November–December 2015, Pages 851-862. Diabetes Care in Malaysia: Problems, New Models, and Solutions.

2 Ministry of Health Malaysia. National Health & Morbidity Survey 2015: Non-Communicable Diseases, Risk Factors & Other Health Problems Volume II. Last accessed 16 July 2019.

3 Card Fail Rev. 2017 Apr; 3(1): 52–55)

4 Einarson, T. R., Acs, A., Ludwig, C., & Panton, U. H. (2018). Prevalence of cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes: a systematic literature review of scientific evidence from across the world in 2007–2017. Cardiovascular, 17(1), 1–1. doi: 10.1186/s12933-018-0728-6

5 Mayo Clinic. Heart Disease. Available on https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heart-disease/symptoms-causes/syc-20353118 . Last accessed 14 August 2019.

6 National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Diabetes, Heart Disease, and Stroke. Available on https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/preventing-problems/heart-disease-stroke . Last accessed 14 August 2019.